Sayat Nova (The Color of Pomegranates) by Sergei Parajanov

Article by: Elisa Carbone

Translation by: Cristiana Caffiero

Sayat Nova was an Armenian poet who lived during the XVIII century. He was a troubadour who used to chant his poems in three different languages. He was also a monk who spent his life through sufferings and bad times- as we came to know during the whole film.
He was deeply in love with princess Anne belonging to the court of Georgia.
Sayat Nova is a complicated and almost mythical character.
The Russian director Sergej Parajanov told us about his life in this feature movie that had a difficult life as its major character himself. In fact this movie has been censored by the Russian government that compelled his author to change its title from Sayat Nova- which was the name of the poet- into The colour of pomegranate- which is one of the many living picture of the movie. Julian temple has chosen to show it at the TFF 33 in his own personal selection A matter of life and death. We can reasonably understand why he has chosen this film. The poet’s life is narrated by using a dreamlike, surreal, pictorial and symbolic style. We can immediately perceive the high sense of death, which is not meant as just physical death- the common destiny of everyman- but as a psychological death due to those continuous hints to suffering.

During the movie, which lasts about one hour and 30 minutes, human beings who are acting as mime don’t even utter a world. Anyway there are some extra diegetic voices that are represented by the writings in old Armenian language. They look like the captions we used to find in silent cinema. We can also hear some noises that are amplified to the extreme- such as the collective bite of pomegranates or the water heavily falling down the legs of the monks.
Each frame has such a vivid and allegorical colour that it looks like a living painting in the end. There are some recurrent colours: red, white and blue. They show their deepest tones that are those of the typical Armenian decorations when Sayat Nova was living there. The 4:3 is helpful to this pictorial research made by the director: each frame has some typical elements that are complementary such as it was a painting. Nonetheless this is actually a painting but we have to consider the fact that all the images are connected to the others since we have to remind that it’s a movie in the end. There are some elements such as some animals and some objects that without doubt remind to a semiotics study and would require at least a second vision of the film: roosters, pomegranates, a shell and a white lace that turns into red.

A first vision of this movie causes a double feeling to its audience: it is caught by the splendour of these images but at the same time it feels conscious that they won’t be able to re-elaborate what they have just watched in a rational thought.
Then it’s highly recommended to watch this movie another time, maybe three times, maybe undefined number of time if you want to grab its deep and mysterious meanings. In fact after watching Sayat Nova we have perceived such a splendour that we just have the feeling it would necessary and pleasant at the same time to watch it another time.

The Seventh Seal by Ingmar Bergman

Article by: Valentina Di Noi

Translation by: Cristiana Caffiero

“And when the Lamb had opened the seventh seal, there was silence in heaven about the space of half an hour and I saw seven angels standing in the presence of God and there were given to them seven trumpets.” This is the opening of The Seventh Seal, an enchanting black and white movie directed by Ingmar Bergman in 1957.

The Knight Antonius Block (Max Von Sydow) and his squire Jons (Gunnar Björnstrand) go ashore to a beach. They are both exhausted from such a long trip: they came back from the Crusade in the Holy Land. Anyway they’re safe and they managed to come back to Scandinavia, their homeland. However just there in that beach there’s the Death (Bengt Ekrot) who’s waiting for Block in order to take him away with her. Block challenges the Death to play chess with him in order to stall. In fact he wants to find some answers to some doubts about his faith, that is not so strong as it was before taking part in so many battles in Holy Land.

The game starts: Block has the white army while the Death has the black one. Anyway while they’re playing Block’s trip goes on. In a middle aged Scandinavia tortured by the plague the Knight and his squire keep on travelling and they meet a family of actors (Bibi Andersson and Nils Poppe) with their child and other characters. The Seventh Seal is one of the most important movie in the history of cinema since it’s not just a movie but it’s also something about the major doubts the whole humanity has: does God exist? Is there anything after death? Here some selected majestic dialogues from the movie:

“You haven’t replied to my question. Do you know who watches over her? The angels? God? Satan? or Nothing?I tell you the truth Nothing-

(Jon, the squire, has a materialistic view of life.)

“Are you going to tell us about your secrets?
I have no secrets to tell you.
Then you don’t know anything.
I don’t need to know anything”

(the Death confesses she doesn’t have a purpose of her own. She just operates.)
“I want to know, no faith, no simple hypothesis, I want something for sure, I want God to give me his hand, to disclose his secret face to me and talk to me”

(Antonius Block’s thoughts while he’s looking to concrete answers to his existential doubts.)
The character of The Death is very interesting: she’s always resolute, always ready to disorientate the audience with her absence of soul in her words.
The character of the squire, who’s always ready to give you his materialistic view of life. If you say something wrong or absurd he’s ready to chill you. There are some pleasant times with the family of actors. They help the audience to feel part of the tragedy. Anyway they actually represent hope: they’re some kind of holy family and they’re meant to help the film audience to overcome the horror who has played the Death herself.
The seventh film is one of that film everybody should see at least once in a lifetime!